The hilly geography of the occidental mountain range has been left to the south of the department. Now the pipeline goes through the Caribbean plain to the Coveñas station, in Sucre.
The last traces of the mountainous geography of the Western Cordillera have remained to the south of Department of Cordoba on the border with Antioquia. Currently, the pipeline route crosses the Caribbean plain, then arrives at La Granjita station, in Pueblo Nuevo, and continues to Coveñas station, in Sucre.
We are in the land of porro, fandango and corralejas. Cordoba has a diverse topography where about 60% of the land has flat areas which represent the great plains of the Caribbean. The mountains are located in the south of the department and are formed by the last branches of the Western Cordillera. To the north, is the coast of Cordoba, which extends from Punta de Arboletes, on the border with Antioquia, to Punta de Piedra, on the border with Sucre.
Livestock and agriculture are the core of the regional economy. Large extensions of land that were previously used for agriculture are now used as pastures for cattle raising, becoming the first economic sector of the department; it is not in vain Montería is declared the cattle raising capital of Colombia.
Characteristics of the relief and geographic features in the area of the department of Córdoba along the pipeline route and is the location of the La Granjita station.
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StretchCaucasia - La Granjita
StretchLa Granjita - Coveñas
La Granjita88.7 m.a.s.l
Contribuimos al desarrollo regional, conectamos potencial, diversidad y geografía para aportar al desarrollo sostenible de nuestros territorios, a través de proyectos y actividades que cumplen con las obligaciones socioambientales, así como de iniciativas de inversión social y ambiental voluntarias.
Tenemos el propósito de extender lazos de confianza para aportar al progreso y a la sostenibilidad del territorio que impactamos. Para esto, propiciamos espacios de comunicación bidireccional que permiten fortalecer el relacionamiento. Asimismo, activamos mecanismos de diálogo y participación ciudadana que contribuyen al desarrollo sostenible del transporte de hidrocarburos, clave para el progreso de la región.
Participamos en dos comités de seguimiento en Pueblo Nuevo y San Antero.
Cuidamos de nuestras comunidades y reconocemos el papel decisivo que tienen las mujeres en el bienestar y el desarrollo de los territorios. Esto nos ha llevado a encontrar grandes oportunidades para contribuir con su educación, independencia económica y reparación del tejido familiar. Es así como hemos llevado a cabo un programa enfocado en las mujeres cuyo objetivo ha sido dignificarlas y empoderarlas.
Estamos convencidos que las Juntas de Acción Comunal –JAC- en sí mismas son un punto de encuentro comunitario, una relación entre pares y un diálogo permanente que configura la relación de la ciudadanía con el Estado. Por esta razón, y reconociendo el potencial que éstas tienen para incidir en el destino de las personas que representan, creamos el proyecto Liderazgos que Transforman con el fin de fortalecer habilidades y capacidades de los líderes y lideresas del territorio.
Acompañamos 27 JAC en 12 municipios de Córdoba: Buenavista (2), Chinú (2), Ciénaga de Oro (2), La Apartada (2), Momil (2), Planeta Rica (2), Pueblo Nuevo (3), Purísima (2), Sahagún (2), San Andrés de Sotavento (2), San Antero (4) y Tuchín (2).
Es un proyecto que durante los últimos dos años ha impulsado la actividad empresarial rural, brindándole a los emprendedores opciones para asegurar su sustento y aportar al progreso de su comunidad con conocimientos y herramientas necesarias para que sus negocios sean rentables y sostenibles.
The savannas of Cordoba and Bajo Cauca in Antioquia are the region of the forest of a thousand colors, the tropical dry forest. An unique and in danger of extinction ecosystem that extends throughout the great Caribbean plateau. The dry forest has thousands of species of plants and animals that adapted to the intense droughts of the region. Notable are the oak tree with purple flowers or ocobo and reed oak, which loses its leaves and, at the same time, flowers in order to reduce water loss, disperse their seeds and thus resist the dry season.
A lot of plants have stingers or thorns perhaps to protect themselves from ancient giant herbivorous or to reduce trunk exposure and preserve water. This is a critical ecosystem to avoid soil desertification in the driest regions of the tropics. It is estimated that the dry forest may have an inventory of approximately 2,600 plant species.
Since time immemorial this has been an amphibious region, full of swamps and surrounded by two large rivers: San Jorge and Sinú, which takes the name of one of the most important indigenous towns in the north of the country and flows into the Gulf of Morrosquillo. Both rivers are born in the Nudo de Paramillo, from which the Sinú flows for 460 km and the San Jorge for 368 km.
In the entire department there are 846 km of main rivers and more than twice of tributaries and other riverbeds. There are also 110,000 hectares of swamps and a considerable amount of groundwater.
Due to the low average altitude of the Cordoba department, the troposphere has a high air temperature that averages 32°C (90°F). Most of the territory is in the tropical rainy zone since its temperature exceeds 20° C. and rainfall is above 750 mm per year. In the middle and lower areas of Sinu, located near the municipalities of Cienaga de Oro, Sahagun, Chima, Chinu, Lorica and Purisima, there is a savanna climate, regularly humid and with zenith rains.
The dry forest has 60 species of mammals, 230 species of birds, many of them endemic and threatened, such as the white-headed tamarin, the black eagle, the lance-tailed manakin, the chestnut-winged chachalaca, the red-footed moroccan turtle, the savannah deer and the puma. Grazing has left only 8% of the original 9 million hectares of dry forest.
Located in the jurisdiction of the Antioquia municipalities of Ituango, Dabeiba, and Peque; and also the municipalities in the Cordoba department of Tierralta, Puerto Libertador, Montelíbano and San José de Uré, it is a protected area where are born the following rivers: Sinú, Manso, Tigre, Esmeralda and Verde, which comprise the hydrographic subzone of the upper Sinú; and the rivers San Jorge, Sucio, San Pedro and Uré, which form part of the hydrographic region of the upper San Jorge.
The park is a great biodiversity reservoir with humid tropical rainforest ecosystems, flood plains, Andean and sub-Andean forests, wetlands, and paramos. It is considered that in an area of no less than 10% of its area, can be found up to 1,436 species of flora and fauna.
It is the tenth largest protected area in the country, representing 4% of the national territory and has geostrategic importance thanks to the influence it has on the natural regions of the Caribbean, Andean and Pacific. Its privileged location favors ecological connectivity and the conservation of several ecosystems that contribute to biodiversity and ecosystem services at the local, regional and national levels.
Fuente: Parques Nacionales
With almost 80 km of coastline, the Gulf of Morrosquillo is located in the Caribbean Sea between Punta Mestizo, in Cordoba, and Punta San Bernardo, in Sucre. It includes the municipalities of Santiago de Tolu, Coveñas and San Onofre, San Antero and San Bernardo del Viento.
In the gulf you can enjoy quiet beaches, coastal islands, mangroves, Sanguare Nature Reserve, the Caimanera Swamp and La Leche Swamp. In addition, there are about 15 dive sites to view nurse and whitetip sharks, turtles and fire corals.
This is a young municipality, established in 1957 after having been a small town of Sahagun. Its economic activity is agriculture with fields of corn, rice, yams, cassava, sugar cane and flat plantains. Its location in the flat area of the department has contributed to the creation of large cattle ranches, which are considered the most important in the region.
One characteristic that identifies the municipality is the production of diabolín. A baked product that is part of its gastronomic culture and is cooked with dry cheese, milk, cassava starch, eggs and salt. It is so well known that every year, at the end of October, the Diabolín Festival is held.
From the civilization of Los Zenu there are still vestiges such as the legendary agricultural system with which they controlled floods and droughts, and abundant gold objects that evidence their great technical skill and its close relationship with nature. The arrow cane basketry technique is still alive in the reservations of Chinu, San Andres de Sotavento and Tuchin, particularly the vueltiao hat, a cultural symbol of Colombia. The last municipalities of Cordoba are Momil, Purisima and San Antero in Cordoba, well known for their Donkey Festival, a tribute to the peasant tradition of the region.
San Antero is located 75 kilometers from Montería. A municipality that was inhabited by the native Arawak and Zenue tribes before the discovery of America. Its economic activity is based on agriculture, livestock, fishing, and tourism.
Environmentally, San Antero has a large estuarine zone inhabited by up to five types of mangroves, which are the habitat of many species. It is the only municipality in Colombia with coastal dolphins: pink and gray dolphins. In Cispatá Bay, as part of our environmental compensation program, we began the restoration of 36 hectares of mangrove forest.
It is an intermediate re-pumping station between the stations Caucasia, in Antioquia, and Coveñas, in Sucre. Along with the stations of Paez and Chiquillo, La Granjita was part of the Power Capacity Expansion Project 135 which expanded the pipeline’s transmission capacity.