At this point, the pipeline crosses under the Magdalena River, one of the many sub-fluvial crossings along the route, and enters the department of Antioquia through Puerto Nare.
At this point, the pipeline goes under the Magdalena River, one of the many sub-fluvial crossings along the route, and enters into the department of Antioquia by Puerto Nare. After it crosses the San Bartolome river, it continues into the Northeast region, in a slight uphill climb through the Central mountain range, until the Bajo Cauca region.
It is the most populated department in Colombia, divided into 9 sub-regions (125 municipalities) established to facilitate its government. Its economy represents 15% of the national GDP and is centered on three sectors: rural, manufacturing, and services. It has an important hydroelectric infrastructure with 22 power plants distributed in all subregions which supply power to the department and the country.
On its way across Antioquia, the pipeline has the Chiquillo and Caucasia stations, and Puerto Berrio base. At Puerto Serviez, on the between Boyaca and Antioquia, the oil pipeline pipe comes from the Vasconia station in Boyaca, and crosses under Magdalena river until it arrives at Chiquillo station in Remedios, Antioquia.
Relief characteristics and geographic features in the area of Antioquia department where the pipeline operates.
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StretchVasconia - Chiquillo
StretchChiquillo - Caucasia
StretchCaucasia - Granjita
Contribuimos al desarrollo regional, conectamos potencial, diversidad y geografía para aportar al desarrollo sostenible de nuestros territorios, a través de proyectos y actividades que cumplen con las obligaciones socioambientales, así como de iniciativas de inversión social y ambiental voluntarias.
Tenemos el propósito de extender lazos de confianza para aportar al progreso y a la sostenibilidad del territorio que impactamos. Para esto, propiciamos espacios de comunicación bidireccional que permiten fortalecer el relacionamiento. Asimismo, activamos mecanismos de diálogo y participación ciudadana que contribuyen al desarrollo sostenible del transporte de hidrocarburos, clave para el progreso de la región.
Participamos en un comité de seguimiento en Caucasia.
Cuidamos de nuestras comunidades y reconocemos el papel decisivo que tienen las mujeres en el bienestar y el desarrollo de los territorios. Esto nos ha llevado a encontrar grandes oportunidades para contribuir con su educación, independencia económica y reparación del tejido familiar. Es así como hemos llevado a cabo un programa enfocado en las mujeres cuyo objetivo ha sido dignificarlas y empoderarlas.
Estamos convencidos que las Juntas de Acción Comunal –JAC- en sí mismas son un punto de encuentro comunitario, una relación entre pares y un diálogo permanente que configura la relación de la ciudadanía con el Estado. Por esta razón, y reconociendo el potencial que éstas tienen para incidir en el destino de las personas que representan, creamos el proyecto Liderazgos que Transforman con el fin de fortalecer habilidades y capacidades de los líderes y lideresas del territorio.
Acompañamos 21 JAC en 4 municipios de Antioquia: Caucasia (4), Puerto Berrío (3), Puerto Nare (2), Remedios (4), Segovia (3), Yondó (1) y Zaragoza (4).
Es un proyecto que durante los últimos dos años ha impulsado la actividad empresarial rural, brindándole a los emprendedores opciones para asegurar su sustento y aportar al progreso de su comunidad con conocimientos y herramientas necesarias para que sus negocios sean rentables y sostenibles.
EThe hydroelectric potential of Antioquia is linked to important tributaries that irrigate the borders and the center of the department. The Atrato river is located on the border with Chocó; to the east, on the border with Boyacá and Santander, is the Magdalena river, and the center of the department is crossed by the Cauca river. Other rivers are very important to supply the reservoirs of the hydroelectric power plants, such as the Nare river, which supplies water to the Guatapé, San Lorenzo, Playas and Punchina reservoirs.
The network of reservoirs located in almost all sub-regions of the department are the basis for the operation of 22 hydroelectric power plants which, according to EPM estimates and with the completion of the Hidroituango project, could generate about 70% of the country's hydroelectric energy.
Due to its rugged topography, the department has most of the thermal floors. The warmest sectors are on the banks of the Magdalena river and in the Caucasia sector, where temperatures exceed 28° C. In the Uraba region of Antioquia and the Cauca river valley, temperatures range between 26 and 28° C. In the remaining part of the Antioquian mountains, temperatures depend on the altitude, creating temperate and cold thermal floors.
Precipitation in Antioquia ranges between 1,500 and 4,000 mm per year. The areas with lower rainfall are located in the geographic valley of the Cauca river, towards the west of the department. The highest rainfall is recorded in the region of Urabá on the border with the department of Chocó, in the extreme southwest, in proximity to Carmen de Vivoral, and in the lower Cauca region of Antioquia.
The proximity to the Pacific region is characterized by high rainfall and plenty of water, which makes the park a favorable environment for the development of ecosystems such as the Andean forest, sub-Andean forest, tropical rainforest and a small portion of paramo in the Morro Pelado sector.
The diversity of landscapes has plant formations with an extensive variety of orchids and other associated species. Within its fauna are highlighted species of mammals such as: howler monkey, spider monkeys, otters, cuniculus, spectacled bears and Jaguar; as well as birds such as: yellow-headed parrots, gold-ringed tanager and the magpie querrequerre, among others.
The park has peasant and indigenous communities such as the Embera-Katíos located in the Valle de Perdidas and Chaquenoda reserves.
Source: National Parks
Located in the jurisdiction of the Antioquia municipalities of Ituango, Dabeiba, and Peque; and also the municipalities in the Cordoba department of Tierralta, Puerto Libertador, Montelíbano and San José de Uré, it is a protected area where are born the following rivers: Sinú, Manso, Tigre, Esmeralda and Verde, which comprise the hydrographic subzone of the upper Sinú; and the rivers San Jorge, Sucio, San Pedro and Uré, which form part of the hydrographic region of the upper San Jorge.
The park is a great biodiversity reservoir with humid tropical rainforest ecosystems, flood plains, Andean and sub-Andean forests, wetlands, and paramos. It is considered that in an area of no less than 10% of its area, can be found up to 1,436 species of flora and fauna.
It is the tenth largest protected area in the country, representing 4% of the national territory and has geostrategic importance thanks to the influence it has on the natural regions of the Caribbean, Andean and Pacific. Its privileged location favors ecological connectivity and the conservation of several ecosystems that contribute to biodiversity and ecosystem services at the local, regional and national levels.
Source: National Parks
To the east, with the Magdalena river as the border between Antioquia and Santander, is Puerto Berrio. Its port, on the Magdalena river, has a long commercial and waterway history through which has shipped equipment and materials for large-scale projects, and consumer products for the region.
With large areas of land used for raising cattle, livestock is the main economic activity in the municipality. Agriculture is not very important, however it produces cassava, sugar cane, fruit trees, corn, and lemons. There is no trade structure related to fishing, which is entirely traditional.
We have a base in the municipality that allows us to arrive at any pipeline site in less than 12 hours in order to quickly react to possible emergencies related to our operation.
Since the first oil crisis of the 1970s, the exploitation of coal and precious minerals on a large scale, handcrafted and in small quarries, had an upsurge in municipalities in northeastern of Antioquia, such as Remedios. There, mining is a major component of the economic life of its inhabitants.
If you want to learn about the process of gold mining, you can visit the mines: La Yurani, Providencia and El Silencio where, on a guided tour, you can enter the tunnels to observe the entire process of gold mining and some features of the procedure of gold-bearing material.
The Ocensa pumping station is located 38 km from the urban center of Remedios, in the Chiquillo village.
In the north of Antioquia and bordering Cordoba, Caucasia is one of the most important municipalities in the area due to its privileged location between the Cauca and Nechí rivers. In the rural area, the proximity to the savannahs of Cordoba and Sucre brings together the paisas and the sabanera (coastal) subcultures.
With more than 90 thousand residents, it is the most populated municipality and the center of commercial activity in Bajo Cauca. On several opportunities it has been chosen as the municipality with the highest gold production. Although its gold activity has been economically important, it has also led to environmental deterioration. In the savannah areas, it develops cattle raising, being the largest producer in the region.
Only 5 minutes from the urban center, on the Caucasia-La Trampa road, is located the Ocensa station from which crude oil is re-pumped to La Granjita station, in Cordoba.
An operation as extensive as that of our pipeline needs to have a number of bases in some sections to allow line maintenance, right-of-way intervention and timely reaction to a possible emergency. Located in the municipality of Puerto Berrio, on the Magdalena river and on the borders of Antioquia and Santander, the base facilitates the execution of works and the arrival, in case of emergency, to any place along the pipeline in less than 12 hours. Located 40 km to the south of Puerto Berrio, on the Magdalena river, is located Puerto Serviez, a place where the pipeline crosses under the river until it arrives at the Chiquillo station in Remedios, Antioquia.
Chiquillo is a crude oil re-pumping station, which was part of the Expansion of Power Capacity Project 135 through which it expanded the pipeline’s shipping capacity. As it is a re-pumping station, it does not have storage tanks.
Located in the municipality of Caucasia, the station is in charge of re-pumping the crude coming from the Vasconia station, increasing the oil flow in segment III, which can move from 11,000 to 15,000 barrels per hour. In addition, it serves as an intermediate base to prepare for contingencies and as an emergency response system.